The First Americans and the Clovis Culture Notes - The...

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The First AmericansThe Clovis CultureA Paleo-Indian SocietyThe Bering Strait TheoryScientists generally agree that most Native Americans descend from people who migrated fromSiberia across the Bering Strait.At least 3 separate migrations from Siberia to the Americas are highly likely to have occurredNo Clovis sites in either Alaska or CanadaMaking room for alternative theories for the “peopling” of North AmericaFirst wave came into a land populated by the large mammals of the late Pleistocene (the last iceage), including mammoths, horses, giant sloths, and wooly rhinocerosEarly HuntersThe Clovis culture would be a manifestation of that migration, and the Folsom culture, based onthe hunting of bison, would have developed from itThis wave eventually spread over the entire hemisphere, as far as south as Tierra del Fuego inSouth AmericaPrehistoric Native American culture that first appears in the archaeological record of NorthAmerica around 13,500 years ago, at the end of the last ice age.The culture is named for artifacts found near Clovis, New Mexico, where the first evidence of thistool complex was excavated in 1932.Earlier evidence included a mammoth skeleton with a spear-point in its ribs, found by a cowboyin 1926 near Folsom, New MexicoClovis sites have since been identified throughout all of the contiguous United States, as well asMexico and Central AmericaThe Clovis people, also known as Paleo-Indians, are generally regarded as the first humaninhabitants of the New World, and ancestors of all the indigenous cultures of North and SouthAmericaJudging from sites on the North American Great Plains, the Clovis people were skilled hunters ofhuge animals, especially Ice Age mammoths and mastodons.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Hollingsworth,J.
Tags
Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Clovis culture

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