January 25 Presentation - The question of the 1950s are...

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The All-German Olympic Team (International Olympic Committee refuses to allow two German teams until 1968) West Germany wins the Football World Cup, 1954 (FIFA is OK with two German teams) The question of the 1950s: are East and West really two separate countries?
De-Militarization and Re-Militarization West Germany joins NATO in 1954 and establishes an army [ Bundeswehr ] in 1955 Establishing an army creates personnel problems In 1959, there were 15,000 officers, and over 12,000 had previously been officers in the Nazi Wehrmacht After 1957, all men between 18-45 were drafted for one year CDU: YES to compulsory draft
West German Communist Party anti-draft poster (1956) “Without me! [ Ohne mich ]” Anti-draft demonstration (1956) Achievements: establishes possibility for conscientious objection, concept of “citizens in uniform,” the “sons of those who were persecuted” are exempt from draft
Soviet Union reacts with the Warsaw Pact in 1955 and East German National People’s Army in 1956 National People’s Army introduces 18-month conscription in 1962 East German Protestant Church forced introduction of a conscientious objector status
But nothing says “two countries” like a border fence… Before the Berlin Wall in 1961, the 866-mile “inner German border” was built in gradual stages 1950 (above) and 1962 (right)
Sonneberg (East) and Neustadt (West) Two towns, 50,000 people, two countries 1949 football game using the border as the midfield line

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