Amanda Ratliff-Probation and Alternative Sentences - Running head DROPBOX 2.4 Probation and Alternative Sentences Indiana Wesleyan University CRJ-202

Amanda Ratliff-Probation and Alternative Sentences -...

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Running head: DROPBOX 2.4 1 Probation and Alternative Sentences Indiana Wesleyan University CRJ-202: Introduction to Corrections
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DROPBOX 2.4 2 Probation and Alternative Sentences What contributions to modern probation did John Augustus make that continue today? John Augustus was the “father of probation” (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). Many of his contributions to the concept of probation are still used today. Being an interested observer in the courts John witnessed what he thought was unfair treatment of the offenders. He proposed to the court a plan to have the defendant released and placed under his supervision (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). During that time he assisted the offenders with job placement and in other helpful ways. This system has evolved into what we know today as probation. When criminals are on probation they are supervised by a corrections officer, who guides them through prescribed rehabilitation plan and monitors them to prevent any further unlawful activity. Approximately how many people were on probation in the United States in 2006? In 2006 there were approximately four million people on probation (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). What are the primary emphases of probation supervision? The primary emphases of probation supervision is to provide surveillance of the criminal for the duration of their probation sentence, ensure that they are meeting all of the conditions of their probation and guide the offender through a variety of treatment options that will keep them from committing any other crimes (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). Differentiate between the casework and surveillance styles of probation supervision. It is recommended that a probation officer develops a certain type of probation style when working with their offenders. There are two types’ supervisions styles currently these are the “casework style of supervision and the “Surveillance Style of supervision” (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). The casework style of supervision closely resembles the roles that a typical casework may take on. The emphasis on this style is placed on helping the person with any personal problems they may have (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). This can include counseling and other programs.
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DROPBOX 2.4 3 The overall goal is to guide the offender through successful completion of supervision (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). The surveillance style of supervision resembles the role of a typical police officer. With this style of supervision, the probation officer places a heavy importance on keeping an eye on the offender (Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2016). This would include a lot of field time checking the offender’s residence, work place and keep tabs on their whereabouts. More often than not the probation officer is attempting to catch the criminal doing something that would violate the conditions of their probation and potentially send them back to custody.
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  • Fall '16
  • criminal law, house arrest

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