APUSH Period 7 Study Guide - Period 7 Study Guide Key...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.

Period 7 Study Guide Key Concept 7.1: Growth expanded opportunity, while economic instability led to new eforts to reForm U.S. society and its economic system. 1. The United States con±nued its transi±on From a rural, agricultural economy to an urban, industrial economy led by large companies. A) New technologies and manuFacturing techniques helped Focus the U.S. economy on the produc±on oF consumer goods, contribu±ng to improved standards oF living, greater personal mobility, and be²er communica±ons systems large businesses dominate the U.S. economy B) By 1920, a majority oF the U.S. popula±on lived in urban centers, which ofered new economic opportuni±es For women, interna±onal migrants, and internal migrants. C) Episodes oF credit and market instability in the early 20th century, in par±cular the Great Depression, led to calls For a stronger ³nancial regulatory system. 2. In the Progressive Era (beginning with Teddy R) oF the early 20th century, Progressives responded to poli±cal corrup±on, economic instability, and social concerns by calling For greater government ac±on and other poli±cal and social measures. A) Some Progressive Era journalists (muckrakers) a²acked what they saw as poli±cal corrup±on, social injus±ce, and economic inequality, while reFormers, o´en From the middle and upper classes and including many women, worked to efect social changes in ci±es and among immigrant popula±ons. Upton Sinclair meat packing; Ida Tarbell standard oil; Jacob Riis slum condi±ons µlorence Kelly Fought For minimum wage, eight-hour day, children’s’ rights, & NAACP B) On the na±onal level, Progressives sought Federal legisla±on that they believed would efec±vely regulate the economy, expand democracy, and generate moral reForm. Progressive amendments to the Cons±tu±on dealt with issues such as prohibi±on and woman sufrage. Square Deal Teddy R’s progressive program to be Fair to all interests: business, labor, consumers o Na±onal Securi±es Company (1904) Railroad monopoly dissolved by Teddy R using the previously inefec±ve Sherman An±trust Act oF 1890 o Pure µood & Drug Act (1906) Illegal to sell impure/improperly labeled Food/drugs o Meat Inspec±on Act (1906) o Underwood Tarif (1913) Substan±ally reduced tarifs and made up lost revenue w/ graduated income tax o µederal Reserve Act (1913) Established system oF 12 Federal banks regula±ng money supply o Clayton An±trust Act (1914) Monopolies are illegal; Labor unions/µarmers’ organiza±ons were exempt From the law o µederal Trade Commission (1914) Appointed by president to inves±gate illegal business prac±ces o Amendments 16 th : Federal income tax; 17 th : direct elec±on oF US senators; 18 th : prohibi±on; 19 th : women’s sufrage
C) PreservatonisTs and conservatonisTs boTh supporTed The esTablishmenT of natonal parks while advocatng diFerenT governmenT responses To The overuse of naTural resources.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture