History 146B W17 Midterm Exam IDs - History 146B Winter...

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1 History 146B Winter 2017 Midterm Exam Identification Terms The Nuremberg Lawswere enacted in Nazi Germany in 1935. The legislation redefined Jewish identity in racial-biological terms. Even if you were not a practicing Jew, the Nuremberg Laws identified you as a Jew if you had at least three grandparents who were practicing Jews. It also identified a person as Mischlinge (mixed race) if you had at least one grandparent who was a practicing Jew. The Nuremberg Laws stripped Jews of legal citizenship protections, making it easier to persecute them in Germany, and forbad marriage or sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews. This reflected the fusion of racism and “blood and soil” nationalism in the ideological foundations of the Nazi regime, which argued that the Jewish diaspora were inherently disloyal because they had no real homeland in Europe. The Nuremberg Laws were a legacy of European eugenic pseudo-science and Social Darwinism, and the laws allowed the Jews to be increasingly politically, economically, and socially marginalized prior to the Holocaust, which was the organized mass murder of over six million European Jews during the Second World War. Show trials

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