APH 2 , Part 2 - MARYLAND Lord Baltimore set up Maryland in...

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MARYLAND Lord Baltimore set up Maryland in 1634 as a refuge for fellow Catholics.
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It was a prosperous colony based on tobacco.
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The Act of Toleration was passed when Protestant numbers grew and threatened Catholics (1649). It guaranteed toleration for all Christians, but the death penalty for those who denied the divinity of Jesus. Thus, there was less religious freedom than before the act.
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WEST INDIES
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West Indies Sugar undergirded the West Indian economy.
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It was a rich man’s crop because large acreages had to be planted; refining was an elaborate process. By 1700, black slaves outnumbered whites, 4 to 1. Slave Codes were passed to control the slaves. It defined slaves’ legal status and masters’ rights. The Barbados Co des gave almost complete control over slaves and vicious punishments.
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Sugar crowded out everything else in agriculture. They depended on North America for foodstuffs. Small farmers were pushed out; they headed for the mainland (southern part). They took with them their slaves and the Barbados codes. Carolina adopted the code in 1696.
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THE CAROLINAS Charles I was beheaded; Cromwell ruled in England.
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The Restoration Period followed when Charles II was restored to the throne.
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Colonization resumes with intensity. Eight Lords Proprietors (court favorites) were granted the Carolinas. It was a prosperous colony with close ties to the West Indies. Indian slaves were a major export (opposed by the proprietors).
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Savannah Indians fled to Maryland and Pennsylvania but were raided and nearly annihilated. Rice emerged as principal export.
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Soon Carolina was paying premium prices for West Indian slaves, who were experienced in rice cultivation and had immunity to malaria.
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Charles Town became the busiest port in the South.
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Many English aristocrats came. Religious toleration brought religious refugees. Spaniards in Florida often attacked.
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NORTH CAROLINA From bordering Virginia came the outcasts (poor, religious dissenters). They were often squatters, who became small farmers. They were hospitable to pirates. They had a reputation for resistance to authority.
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  • Fall '15
  • Mr. Walden
  • Thirteen Colonies, New Netherland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania

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