03_africa

03_africa - Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy...

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Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy Sub-Regions 1
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The Region Themes of this lecture The region provides good examples to teach human-environment interaction. The long lasting impacts of colonialism This is the second lecture on the developing world In this course the “developing world” is defined as: South and Central America Africa The Middle East South Asia Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy Sub-Regions 2
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The Region Africa is a continent ; not a country Africa is the world’s poorest continent Became even poorer in the 1980’s and 1990’s Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy Sub-Regions 3
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Culture Religion Indigenous belief systems Islam and Christianity Conflict with the spread of Islam Particularly in Nigeria and Sudan African cultures The ethnic map of Africa Bantu culture - the culture that originated in present-day Nigeria and spread south and south east ward Afro-asiatic culture - the mix of Arabian and African culture in the north and northeast of Africa Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy Sub-Regions 7
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Bantu Afro-asiatic 9
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Culture Population Very high growth rates historically Slowed by AIDS and war Socio-cultural issues Settlement Rural villages Many rural areas have emptied out Urban life has become difficult Poor service provision Crime Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy Sub-Regions 10
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Colonialism European countries with African colonies Britain- east and south France - north and west Portugal - three scattered Belgium – central Italy - three scattered Others Important British, French and German/Belgian colonies (see maps) Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy Sub-Regions 12
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Important British colonies Egypt Sudan Kenya Nigeria Ghana Zimbabwe South Africa 13
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Important French colonies Morocco Algeria Senegal Cote d’Ivoire 14
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Other important colonies Libya (Italy) Somalia (Italy) Dem. Rep. of the Congo (Belgium) Angola (Portugal) 15
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Colonialism Ethnic boundaries Contrast between ethnic and colonial boundaries in Africa (map) Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy Sub-Regions 16
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03_africa - Africa Culture Colonialism Environment Economy...

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