Soc 140 Lec Nov 1 - Soc 140 Lec Nov 1, 2007 Types of...

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Soc 140 Lec Nov 1, 2007 Types of Political Behavior Problem of Non-Voting Explanation of Institutional Variety Origins in 1800s Registration Barriers Transformed Parties Social Movement Participation - Piven and Cloward argue that those in the poorer stratas of the population experience a conscious process of demobilization at the turn of the 20 th century and it occurred at this point in time precisely because of the greater possibilities for having an influence on society that were emerging. - The demobilization of these poorer strata from politics helped to explain why no labor based political parties developed and it also tells us a lot about why public policy and political culture in this society have been so individualistic and property oriented (in comparison with the situation in Europe). - Piven and Cloward believe that non voting can be largely explained by institutional issues rather than social psychological factors. - For them, political and bureaucratic factors offer the best explaination. - According to P and C the origins of this problem can be traced back to the 19 th century to the context of social turmoil that characterized the last several decades of the 1800s. - During this period of US history, several groups of newly enfranchised voters emerged, and these were blacks (following the end of the Civil War), immigrants, and farmers. - The have-nots came ahead in the election of 1896. In this electoral campaign, the Democratic candidate, Willian Jennings Bryan, put forth a liberal populist platform and these three groups of newly enfranchised members of society supported his liberal populist platform. The Populists stood for government ownership for the means of communication (telegraph), and government ownership of the principle means of transportation (railroads), promoted equitable taxation, and also promoted government support of farmers’ cooperatives to support farm prices and keep the cost of loans to farmers down. Lambasted railroads, trusts, wall Street, etc. -
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Soc 140 Lec Nov 1 - Soc 140 Lec Nov 1, 2007 Types of...

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