Soc 140 Lec Sept 20 - Soc 140 Lec Sept 20, 2007 - - - - - -...

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Soc 140 Lec Sept 20, 2007 - Changing nature of income distribution in the US, changes in the nature of the economy have affected the income concentration which has contributed to the increase in class differentiation. The wage earning middle sector lost their jobs as their jobs went overseas or as wages stagnated or fell, those in the upper 20% saw their share in the pie grow. Economic consequences: two tiered wage structure, growth in part time and temp employment sector. The pool of unemployment, esp long term unemployed has grown. The effect of the economic changes has differed across age and ethnicity - Dahl – pluralism – asks the quesitno, is equality a prerequsitire for gov’t, democratic rule? - Describes the patricians in New Haven, CT. public office was almost exclusively in this sector. - The power went from the patricians to the entrepreneurs in the mid 1800s. The new self made men of business started to take over governing New Haven - Dahl asks what made it possible for this shift to occur? He points to 5 factors that caused this shift. - 1. The secret ballot, 2. spread of suffrage (expanding pool of those who vote) 3. the general growth of the population. But most especially, 4 the mobilization of votes by the two principal parties and 5. a change in prevailing ideology (shifted away from seeing the patricians as a type of elect group) so that the ideology that had legimated the psotion of the patricians in the control of public office, that they were an elite or elect groups no longer held such sway. - With the shift from government being the exclusively prerogative of the patricians to entrepreneurs, wealth was separated from social position and public office now went to the strictly wealthy. These was a separation of wealth from social position in determining who would obtain public office. - What made this possible? The rise of industrialization – created new economic elite (the entrepreneurs) who had come forth with the process of industrialization that characterizes this period of history. However, Dahl emphasizes that this process was not a matter of equalizing the distribution of political resources, rather it brought about a dispersion of inequalities. Inequality in wealth is separated from inequality in social status. - For dahl, a key strength of the entrepreneurs was something that wasn’t by defition associated with wealth, and that was popularity. Their popularity stemmed from what were perceived to be their meritorious achievements. People who were assumed to have worked hard and achieved what they had achieved through their hard work. This meritorious achievements made them popular figures. (Their popularity wasn’t necessarily associate with wealth or social standing). But they had a key weakness, the same weakness that the patricians had, they were small in number. Ironically, according
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2008 for the course SOC 140 taught by Professor Enriquez during the Fall '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Soc 140 Lec Sept 20 - Soc 140 Lec Sept 20, 2007 - - - - - -...

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