Soc 140 Lec Sept 27

Soc 140 Lec Sept 27 - Soc 140 Lec Sept 27 2007 The term...

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Soc 140 Lec Sept. 27, 2007 The term Pluralism - political power in society does not lie with the electorate but is distributed around a wide number (a plurality) of groups Theories of the State Power Elite Perspective Clear Overproduction Policy Formation Network Policy Discussion Groups Foundations Think Tanks - The state is a mechanism of communication within society. It is a micro decision unit which does what society decides. Society makes the macro decision, the framework decisions, and the state decides the micro decisions. Pluralists assume that the US society is basically democratic despite the several means that the economic elite have. - Power Elite – Domhoff defined the power elite as the active working members of the upper class and the high level employees in private institutions controlled by members of the upper class. Its members of the upper elite who take part in the political processes that maintain class structure. Domhoff presents an overview of the historical development of the statement. It merged alongside of the institutions of private property. As the state extended its reach of territory extended capitalism at the same time. State and classes have been quite intertwined throughout history. Interested in the question, who governs? Answer is the upper class. - The upper class rules or governs through its leadership group which is the power elite. - Domhoff argues that there is a very clear over representation of the upper class in the key institutions and key decision making groups related to the US government. - This overrepresentation provides evidence that the upper class is very powerful. - Domhoff admits that isn’t essential for people to occupy official positions in order to be powerful, but yet there is sufficient evidence that the upper class is overrepresented in government. This is an important distinction from Dahl’s statements (he says the economic and social notables are not overly represented.) - Domhoff stands in very clear distinction of Dahl’s arguments but always distinguishes himself from structural Marxists in that they suggest that the state protects the interests of the capitalist class without their actually having to be located in key positions of political power. Structural Marxists argue that the state protects the interests of the capitalist class without the capitalist class actually having to be in positions of government power. -
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2008 for the course SOC 140 taught by Professor Enriquez during the Fall '07 term at Berkeley.

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Soc 140 Lec Sept 27 - Soc 140 Lec Sept 27 2007 The term...

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