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Soc 140 Lec Aug 30

Soc 140 Lec Aug 30 - Soc 140 Lec What is Politics-Flacks 2...

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Soc 140 Lec Aug 30, 2007 What is Politics? -Flacks - 2 Areas of Human Activity -Tension between Democracy and Liberty -Motivations for Political participation - Faltering basis for ‘private lives’ Theories of Society and the State -Marx - Society composed of distinct classes - Marx, Weber, and Lennon – lay foundations - Politics - Relations within a society that are acted out through the state - These relations consist of - Richard Flacks – found that most of his studies’ participants preferred to focus their energy and attention almost exclusively on their private lives. Flacks was interested in public vs private lives and trying to understand the relationship, he distinguished between two areas of human action: - 1. action directed at sustaining everyday life – referring to satisfying biological needs, (eating sleeping, etc.) and sociological needs = one’s role in society and sustaining one’s identity in society, desire to achieve a certain position in life, - 2. action directed at the making of history – action that has to do with the survival and development of society as a whole. Survival, maintence and development of society as a whole. - They are not detached from one another. - As one is pursing one’s lively hood, One is participating in the production of goods and services that allows society as a whole to exist. - Part of sustaining society as a whole - Beyond the level of the individual, activity of families and households, reproduce and prepare socially needed human beings, prepare the next generation - Even as we make our own lives, we’re taking part in the making of history - Enabling society to go on, for the survival of society - There is a sense that the two areas of activity are separate, - There is a sense that the capacity to make history or influence the development of society as a whole is not equally distributed. Many people feel that they do not personally have this capacity. - The further ppl are away from the center of power, the more likely they are to feel that these two areas of activity are completely separate. - Flacks defines power as the capacity to make history. – capacity to influence the course of society, survival and development - Flacks argues that those with power within our society influence history while at the same time as they are maintaining and enhancing their own private lives.
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