Soc 140 Lec nov 5 - Soc 140 Lec November, 5, 2007 Social...

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Soc 140 Lec – November, 5, 2007 Social Movement Participation Social Psycholoical Explanations J-Curve Relative Deprivation More Socialogical Explanations Systems Theory Poltical Action - __, communicating with government officials, expressing one’s opinions in surveys, attending demonstrations and protests – the forms people can politically participate in (other than voting) - Nonetheless, certain parts of our population feel that these forms are limited and turn to other alternatives such as participation in social movements. Social Psychological Theories - James Davies – J-curve model – Davies argued that revolutions are most likely to occur when a prolonged period of objective economic and social development is followed by a short period of sharp reversal. “The all important effect on the minds of people in a particular society is to produce during the first period to produce an expectation of continued ability to satisfy needs and those expectations continue to rise. During the later period (short period of sharp reversal), you see a mental state of anxiety and frustration when reality breaks away from anticipated reality. - Davies says that the actual state of socioeconomic development is less important than the expectation that past progress now blocked can and must continue into the future. He argues that political stability and instability are ultimately dependent on a state of mind, a mood in a society. It is the dissatisfied state of mind rather than the tangible provision of adequate or inadequate supplies of food, equality or liberty which produces revolution. - A revolutionary state of mind requires the continued expectation of greater opportunity to satisfy basic needs, but the necessary additional ingredient is a persistent unrelenting threat to the satisfaction of those needs. - This threat need not return people to a state of sheer survival, what’s key is a threat that puts people in a mental state in which they believe they will not be able to satisfy one or more basic needs. -
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2008 for the course SOC 140 taught by Professor Enriquez during the Fall '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Soc 140 Lec nov 5 - Soc 140 Lec November, 5, 2007 Social...

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