Soc 140 Lec Nov 8

Soc 140 Lec Nov 8 - Soc 140 Lec Nov 8 2007 Social Movement...

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Soc 140 Lec Nov. 8, 2007 Social Movement Participation Sociological Explanations Political Action Marxist NSM Terrorism and Terrorist Movements Theoretical Levels of Analysis Micro (individual) - Political Action Model – social movements are an extreme point on a continuum of political behavior - Groups that are unable to participate through more conventional means rationally chose to participate as their avenue of political expression. - Theorists who work within this framework seek the origins and genesis of revolutions and mass violence just as the origins of war lie in competing interests and competing aspirations of embattled power groups. Like war, revolutions of collective violence arise from on-going contests for resources, influence, and hegemony that were previously managed within existing diplomatic channels. They are violent extensions of normal societal interchange. - Ron Aya, Doug McAdam, Charles Tilly all follow this model. (Tilly points out that the resources and mobilization resources play in conditioning rebellion. - For people working within this perspective, economic factors are mentioned as an aside. Capitalism is viewed as a __ of power. Economics are - Do people have space to participate in the political arena? - These theorists see political behavior on a continuum ranging from conventional to less conventional types. Not on different levels, all on same continuum. When conventional forms of political expression are shut off, groups move to more extreme forms of political expressions (wars, rebellions, revolutions, collective violence, etc. ) – they are contests for resources, influence, hegemony, etc. this is what political behavior is all about. Marxist Perspective - Within this perspective it as taken as given that the most fundamental feature of society, is the antagonistic relationship between classes which characterizes every mode of production of way of life. This is a fundamental feature of class society, and as long as there is class society, there will be antagonistic relationships. Social Movements are viewed as expressions of class struggle. The critical factor distinguishing this type of analysis from the others, is that is requires one to examine the political economic
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2008 for the course SOC 140 taught by Professor Enriquez during the Fall '07 term at Berkeley.

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Soc 140 Lec Nov 8 - Soc 140 Lec Nov 8 2007 Social Movement...

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