Modern Western Civ Final Term Sheet
refers to the colonial expansion adopted by Europe's powers and, later,
Japan and the United States, during the 19th and early 20th centuries; approximately from
the Franco-Prussian War to World War I (c. 1871–1914). The period is distinguished by
an unprecedented pursuit of what has been termed "empire for empire's sake," aggressive
competition for overseas territorial acquisitions and the emergence in colonizing
countries of doctrines of racial superiority which denied the fitness of subjugated peoples
for self-government. The period between 1870 and 1914 saw a Europe that was more
stable than that of previous decades. To a large extent this was the product of the
formation of new states in Germany and Italy, and political reformations in older,
established states, such as Britain and Austria. This stability, along with technological
advances of the industrial revolution, meant that European states were increasingly able
and willing to pursue political power abroad. The states of Europe began to take control
of large swathes of territory in Africa and Asia, heralding in a new era of imperialism.
Britain became heavily involved in colonialism. The newly-unified Germany saw
expansion as a sign of greatness. France also became involved due to foreign
- Europeans considered themselves the "most fit" because of their
technological advancements, education, governmental systems, and more. Believed white
man had an obligation to forcefully spread their ideas and institutions with others.
- Nations had an increased need for various resources, such as cotton,
rubber, and fuel.
- As nationalism grew at home, citizens began to desire more troops for their
army, and thus colonies were needed to provide more troops, as well as naval bases and
refueling points for ships.
Erich Maria Remarque
- Erich Maria Remarque was conscripted into the army at the
age of 18. On June 12, 1917 he was transferred to the Western Frontwith his company.
On July 31 he was wounded by shrapnel in the left leg, right arm and neck, and
repatriated to an army hospital in Germany, where he spent the rest of the war.
After the war he worked at a number of different jobs, including librarian, businessman,
teacher, journalist and editor. In 1929, Remarque published his most famous work, All
Quiet on the Western Front. The novel described the utter cruelty of the war from the
perspective of a twenty year-old soldier. A number of similar works followed; in simple,
emotive language they described wartime and the postwar years. In 1933, the Nazis
banned and burned Remarque's works, and issued propaganda stating that he was a
descendant of French Jews and that his real last name was Kramer, a Jewish-sounding
name, and his original name spelled backwards. This is still listed in some biographies
despite the complete lack of proof. Also despite clear evidence to the contrary, their