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PSY 100 - Lecture 9 - Psychology 100 Lecture 9 Intelligence...

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Psychology 100 Lecture 9 - Intelligence November 5, 2007 Chapter 10 I. Intelligence A. Defined - Can We Define Intelligence? - capacity for understanding, retention, and comprehension = the ability to solve problems in an ever-changing environment B. Theories - Galton - believed you can measure intelligence by “fitness” - cousin of Darwin - believed males are more intelligent than females because of grip strength - Hierarchical Model - Fluid Intelligence = ability to solve problems, reason, and remember in ways relatively uninfluenced by experience (genetic intelligence) - Crystal Intelligence = acquired intelligence - Cognitive Approach 1.) Focus is on analyzing internal mental processes 2.) Measure speed, agility to attend to things, reaction times, and number of errors 3.) Lawyer is to client as doctor is to ______________ 4.) Very influential 5.) All tests are timed and error rates are calculated - Gardner ʼ s Theory of Multiple Intelligences - musical = gifted musicians - bodily kinesthetic = athletes - logical mathematical = scientists - linguistics = writers
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