Unformatted text preview: Psychology 100 Lecture 12 - Social Psychology Chapter 13 November 26, 2007 I. Social Cognition
A. First Impressions - First Impressions and the Dion Study 1.) N=60 intro psychology students 2.) 12 sets of 3 photos 3.) each set - attractive, average and ugly people 4.) rated personality (social desirability) 5) rated life events (likely to be married? happy with life?) 6.) rated occupational status B. Attribution Theory attributions = how you explain cause and effect of behavior Ex. You are dating someone. Their behavior is subpar. How do you explain the cause of this when its time to break up? - Fundamental Attribution Error = overestimate internal factors and underestimate external factors Ex. Truck pulling out, Alex Trebek = we take credit for good things and blame the situation for failure Ex. Test - Self-Serving Bias C. Attitude Change - Cognitive Dissonance Theory = when there is a discrepancy between what a person believes and what they actually do - 3 components 1.) Cognitive (knowledge) 2.) Affective (emotional) 3.) Behavioral (predisposition) Ex. Smoking vs. Knowing it will kill you - Self Perception Theory = people learn from their behavior (becomes internal belief) Ex. Study A Lot = You like school, Go to church = Youre religious II. Establishing Relations Between Others
A. Friendship\Make Choice 1.) Sociobiology = sexual strategies understood within framework of evolution - Females = crave stability - Males = short-term affairs (spread the seed) 2.) Culture = society plays a role in your mate choice B. Factors Involved in Interpersonal Attraction 1.) Proximity 2.) Similarity 3.) Reciprocity C. Romantic Love: Sternberg III. Social Influence
A. Bystander Effect = reluctance to come to anothers aid when others are present Ex. Someone in New York walks OVER a collapsed man in the street. B. Social Loafing = less effort when working in a group vs. solo group - let the other people pick up the slack Ex. Siding the house C. Groupthink (Asch Study of Conformity) = seek consensus of opinion vs. heeding different views - based on conformity - when given the choice, 75% of people would choose the wrong line is others picked it D. Obedience\Milgram Milgrams Conclusion - "Human nature cannot be counted on to insulate man from brutality at the hands of his fellow man when orders come from what is perceived as legitimate authority." - obedience = compliance with the order of an authority figure Ex. Zimbardo Experiment (the one with the teacher, student, and shock machine) ...
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