17 - Autism Spectrum Disorder - Autism Spectrum Disorders Psychological Disorders Revisions for the DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASDs Autistic

17 - Autism Spectrum Disorder - Autism Spectrum Disorders...

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5/2/2016 1 Psychological Disorders Autism Spectrum Disorders Revisions for the DSM-5 Autistic Disorder Asperger‘s Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASDs) Core Deficits of ASDs Autism Spectrum Disorders Social-Communication Deficits Repetitive Behaviors/ Restricted Interests Signs: Video following a child:
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5/2/2016 2 Core Deficits of ASDs Social-Communication Deficits Core Deficits of ASDs Repetitive Behaviors/ Restricted Interests Autism Spectrum Disorder Profound problems with the social world Rarely approach others, may look through people Problems in joint attention Pay attention to different parts of faces; focus on mouth, not eyes Theory of mind is impaired Understanding that other people have different desires, beliefs, intentions, and emotions Crucial for social interactions Typically develops between 2½ and 5 years of age
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5/2/2016 3 Associated Conditions Sensory processing disorder Intellectual disability (IQ < 70 is common, but def. not universal) Epilepsy Genetic disorders, such as Fragile X Tuberous Sclerosis Sleep disturbances Gastrointestinal disturbances Difficulties in motor coordination Attention deficiencies and ADHD Allergies May excel visual skills, music, math, and art Autism Spectrum Disorders Prevalence 1 in 68 children 1 in 42 males 1 in 189 females ~5 M for every 1 F Autism Epidemic? Change in diagnostic criteria Increase in awareness Diagnostic substitution What Causes Autism? 1940s - 1960s “Refrigerator Moms”Leo Kanner (scientific papers) Bruno Bettelheim (mainstream media)
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5/2/2016 4 Genetic Risk Genetically influenced Twin, family, and sibling studies indicate that the predisposition to have autism is 80-90% genetic Multi-gene interactions, mutations/deletions, epigenetics Siblings of children with ASD have a 15-20% risk of ASD (Zwaigenbaum, 2005) If child #2 has ASD, this rate is even higher for the child #3, etc.
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