March_20_-_23 - Music 005 Notes Swing(Big Band Popularity =...

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Music 005 Notes Swing (Big Band) Popularity = Larger audiences = Larger ensembles 12 or more musicians Three sections: reeds, brass, and rhythm Improvisatory (not improvised) parts, written out beforehand to replace actual improvisation o This is the role of the arranger (bad position) Porter “Ridin High” (3/11) o A song by Cole Porter, arranged for the Benny Goodman Orchestra o Big band usually played Jazz Standards o AABA form: standard song form o Apparent spontaneity in the ensemble writing o Authentic improvisation in the solo parts (clarinet and trumpet) o Toward the end, the group parts seem even more improvisatory Adams, “short Ride in a Fast Machine” (3/12) o Lots of rhythmic activity o With Cross Rhythms : different rhythms heard simultaneously o Diatonic clusters: tone clusters, but not chromatic ( and therefore more pleasant in sound) o Splashes of color, especially with brass and woodwinds o Color is often more important than pitch John Cage (1912-92) o 4 min,. 33 sec. of silence.
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