mmw3lecture15 - Week Eight Outline Lecture FifteenAge of...

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Week Eight Outline Lecture Fifteen—Age of Poetry and Cosmopolitanism I) The Golden Age of Tang Poetry a) Imperial and social patronage of poetry There was great patronage during this age. There were great poets. Some poets had high positions. Some of the got into this position through examination, others were appointed solely on the basis on the quality of their poems. Officialdom and poetry were hand in hand. 2300 poets in anthology. Many people were writing and many people recognized. b) Wang Wei (699-759) i) Nature poet/painter inspired by Zen Buddhism zen Buddhism has a strong affinity with nature. “in poetry there is painting, and in painting there is poetry” (wang wei). There was not a clear dichotomy in these two arts. You can get a sense of both in either poetry or painting. In the spirit of zen he really minimizes human subjectivity. He talks about nature in a way that he does not put the poet or the painter in the center of things, he is truly trying to capture the sense of nature (ziran, translation: ?). reader 241, famous poem by wang wei. ii) Influence on the Japanese Haiku form Japanese poets looked to wang wei for inspiration. Haiku form- short simple verses often about nature. The lack of human subjectivity, human mediation, and the lack of the mind trying to rationalizing nature. Parallel to transcendentalism (?). strong sense of immediacy with nature. c) Du Fu (712-770) (or Tu fu) empress wu was dethroned around 712, dufu was born in the year she had to step down. i) Moral conscience inspired by Confucian sense of duty (1) E.g “Recruiting Officer of Shih-Hao” (reader page 245). He kept rejecting official posts even though is family lived in extreme poverty. He had a lot of children. But he had such high moral standards he did not want to take these posts. (question: why would taking an office taint his morality?). he showed impermanence in life (reader 247). Du Fu’s poetic style is different from Wang Wei’s. poems are terse, there are little breaks throughout the poem, captures the sense of ruin he sees around him. ii) Account of his death
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2008 for the course MMW 3 taught by Professor Chamberlain during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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mmw3lecture15 - Week Eight Outline Lecture FifteenAge of...

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