mmw3lecture17.052907

mmw3lecture17.052907 - Week 9#35 in the reader Chronology...

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Week 9 #35 in the reader Chronology Japan- different case study Isolation I) Prehistoric Origins a. Reliance on archeological evidence i. No written documents to reply on ii. Oracle bones date back to the 16 th century BCE b. Jomon i. Name refers to the “rope pattern” typical on pottery that date from 11 th to 3 rd century BCE. There was probably not a potters wheel at this time, they were probably roughly put together. Earhart (reader) “creating and appreciating these patters must have been a physical and mental exercise.” Finding aesthetic beauty through rhythmic curves. Spontaneous, roughly put together. ii. Evidence of a Neolithic fertility cult iii. Hunter-gather villages 1. Dwellings and curves are very similar, nothing points out to different social classes c. Yayoi 3 rd BCE to 3 rd CE i. Named after marshy plain near modern day Tokyo 1. Evidence of rice cultivation- now there is intensive agriculture. This technology most likely brought in from korea. upper class. 2. Prior to this it mist mostly hunter gather way of life ii. Increasing signs of specialization and social stratification. Sets a precedence for the rest of Japanese history. Everything comes late into japan but once it comes in there is a cultural explosion. Incredible degree of adaptability. Bronze and iron also came in from the Korean mainland. This brought a dramatic change in terms of social class. We start to see differences in social class. Pottery change dramatically. Symmetrical in construction. Pottery become objects of art that craftsmen would make for the d. Tomb period i. Marked by stupendously large and extravagant tombs near modern day Osaka 1. Keyhole shaped tombs. Round in shape, where the tomb is found. Below that it is a rectangle. This is keyhole shaped. Then the tomb has a moat around it. A theory of why the moat is built around the tomb is the Japanese belief in horizontal cosmology, all dead spirits go to the afterlife across the sea. As
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opposed to earth and heaven and going down. Can be up to 2700 feet in length.
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