mmw3lecture14 - Week Eight Outline Lecture FourteenThe...

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Outline Lecture Fourteen—The Cultural Development of Chinese Buddhism May 22, 2007 Last Lecture: 1) The role Buddhism played in furthering political and social cohesion in China, from Northern Wei to Tang 2) Increasingly secular functions that Buddhist monasteries played a. Yet, what were the limitations and challenges to this involvement? Zen Buddhism is very prevalent in the west. Monks were accused of being lazy. Monks eating meat or indulging wine. Their rivals, the daoist and the conficusts really exploit these kind of examples to point out how deviant bvuddhism has become. Much of the ambivalenve came in the mid 9 th century when they was a significant amount of persecution mid 840s. buddhis experience in china/. Conscience effort to wipe it out. Many monasteries were wiped out because of a certain emperor. The impact on this was significant. Forcedd Buddhism to become even more adaptable for Chinese culture and even more diversified. Had to find other ways to remain significant and influential Today’s focus: 1) The cultural impact of Buddhism on Tang China—especially, Chan (Zen) Buddhism and Tang poetry I) The Major Buddhist Sects a) Post 9 th century suppression scene i) Maitreya—aka Buddha of the Future aka Happy Buddha he is a fat Buddha. He is seen as a messiah figure- someone who comes back to teach Buddhism the same way the historical Buddha did. In many other historial instances, these kind of figures are exploited or used for rebellion. ii) Amitabha—aka buddha of the Western Paradise offer salvation much like muslims. Place to go to, a place of salvation. Also known as the pure land. Amitabha is also known as pure land Buddhism. This is the most popular sect among common people. Offers more congregational form of worship. tens of thousands people worshipping at the same time. Rather than relying on yourself for salvation. Which is the original teaching, this form of Buddhism looks to the intersection or the help of the amitabha for inspiration. You invoke amitabha names a thousands time, with great urgency. By saying his name, you invoke his help. Because of the nature of this type of worship it lends itself to larger groups. This is also a big sect in japan. (1) a.k.a. Pure Land Buddhism
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2008 for the course MMW 3 taught by Professor Chamberlain during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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mmw3lecture14 - Week Eight Outline Lecture FourteenThe...

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