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Unformatted text preview: Week Three Questiions: Do women have an influence on the spread of Christianity? Yes, but they were fairly quickly suppressed. Outline Lecture Five- Imperial Crisis and Theological Debate I) The Disintegration of the Roman Empire a) Strains on the Imperial Infrastructure during 3 rd to 4 th century i. Changing constitution of the army Roman army almost had exclusively roman citizens. Overall, they were Italian or Latin in origin. Rome begins to rely more and more on primitive peasant groups that they have recently conquered. Some of them were given citizenship some of them were not. Less sophisticated group. Mercenaries, particularly German tribes. Sometimes they were just agreements. “Will you protect this area for us?” This really changes the constitution of the roman army. It weakens it because there is not a strong allegiance to the state. In order to try to address this problem the Romans try to increase salaries to encourage more roman citizens to enlist, this wasn’t very successful. There was a considerable financial strain within the empire, cannot support this salary increase. ii. Breakdown of imperial bureaucracy established by Augustus Citizens no longer felt compelled to serve in government. The upperclass very actively tried to supplant. Very soon the nobility began to vye for these positions. iii. Absence of further expansion meant lack incentive Rome hadm reached the limit of its expansion. As a result of this, there was not much incentive for people to serve. People did not serve out of the goodness of their heart. The nobles saw these as lucrative positions. There was no longer a pt for people to serve when the Romans reached their limit of expansion. Romans had depends on the spoils of victory that was coming in, but with the end of expansion there was no reason for people to serve. We have the military and bureaucracy facing major crisis. iv. Breakdown of basic infrastructure The empire cannot sustain itself in this state of stagnation. v. Gibbon’s thesis How could have it sustained itself for as long as it did? There were so many volatiles and fragile aspects to the empire. his remark that it is a surprise that it lasted as long as it did.. b) Political Solution-Divide and Rule i. gradual shift towards split of empire (1) Diocletian’s introduction of “tetrarchy” in early 4 th century Given all these emergencies for the empire, they did try to find some solutions....
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2008 for the course MMW 3 taught by Professor Chamberlain during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.
- Spring '08