Wednesday Ling lecture

Wednesday Ling lecture - Wednesday Lecture Languages of the...

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Wednesday, November 07, 2007 Lecture Languages of the US - 300 languages before European contact - Indo-European: English, Spanish German, French, Swedish, Italian Russian, etc. - Austronesian: Hawai’ian, Samoan, Tagalog - Creoles & signed languages - Others: Celtic, Asian, middle eastern, etc - THE US HAS NO OFFICIAL LANGUAGE! Indigenous language timeline 16 th Century -First signs of violence against indigenous communities -enslavement 17 th -19 th Century -European settlement established -Indigenous population reduced by at least 90% due to disease, massacres & the Removal Act of 1830 Early 20 th Century - Efforts to mainstream Native populations - Boarding schools- native languages forbidden Today - ~1/2 of the 300 languages in c. 1500 are extinct - Some scholars project only 20 will remain in 2050 European languages - Spanish was the first Indo-European language spoken in the US - German was proposed as a second language of government in 1794 o Shows us that English is the defacto language it wasn’t always the case -
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