Chapter 5 outline - Chapter 5 I)Personality Attitudes and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5 I)Personality, Attitudes and Values 1) Fundamentals of Personality a. Definition i. A stable set of characteristics representing internal properties of an individual, which are reflected in behavioral tendencies across a variety of situations. b. Basic Beliefs of Personality i. Personality traits are individual psychological characteristics that are relatively enduring 1. If one is introverted or shy, he or she will likely remain so for a long period of time. ii. Personality traits are major determinants of one’s behavior 1. If one is introverted he or she will be withdrawn and exhibit nonassertive behavior. iii. Personality traits influence one’s behavior across a wide variety of situations 1. If one is introverted he or she will be withdrawn and nonassertive t a party, in class, in sports activities and at work. 2) Determinants of Personality Development a. Heredity i. Facts 1. Researchers believe that, typically, 50 percent of an adults personality is genetically determined. ii. Three studies 1. The first study involved examinations of identical twins a. Although raised in vastly different environments with differing childhoods and lifestyles, twins (oskar and Jack) both grew up to be domineering, prone to anger and absent minded. 2. The second study involved assessment of newborns a. Due to their lack of experiences and exposures to the world their personalities could be roughly estimate from their temperament as babies eight to twelve weeks old. 3. The Third Studies involved the focusing on genes a. Scientists have found certain genes that can be identified to influence personality i. D4DR is a protein known as a dopamine receptor which helps control the amount of dopamine in the brain ii. People who have a long string of the gene, where the gene repeats itself 6 or
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
more times are more likely to be adventure seeking. b. Environment i. Environmental Factors Affecting Personality 1. Childhood Treatment 2. Socioeconomic Status 3. Learned childhood values a. Hard work b. Ambition c. Self-control 4. Sports or music programs 5. Religious venues 3) The Big Five Personality Traits a. Extraversion i. Definition 1. The degree to which an individual is outgoing and derives energy from being around other people ii. Specific Terms 1. Enjoy being around other people 2. Warm to others 3. Speaks up in group settings 4. Maintains a vigorous pace 5. Likes excitement 6. Is cheerful iii. Job Satisfaction 1. Extraverts are generally known to have a higher job satisfaction rating. b. Conscientiousness i. Definition 1. The degree to which an individual focuses on goals and works toward them in a disciplined way ii. Specific terms 1. Feels Capable 2. Is organized 3. Is reliable 4. Possesses a drive for success 5. Focuses on completing 6. Thinks before acting iii. Overall Performance 1. Research has shown that individuals scoring high on the conscientiousness have a performance edge in most occupations and tend to perform well on teams.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern