Lecture Notes for US History

Lecture Notes for US History - HST 202 06/03/2007 15:03:00...

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Unformatted text preview: HST 202 06/03/2007 15:03:00 1607 1620 1630 1763 1776 - There was a long term transformation in which people moved from colonies of transplanted Englishmen to provinces of Americans The transformation can be broken down into a long and short term transformation 1607-1763 and 1763-1776 - There were two large things that distinguished us from the mother country The colonies experienced constant long term growth o million people by the revolution o 1770 2 million o 1790 3 million There is also a great deal of diversity that grows o First Africans come in 1619 initially not held as slaves but probably indentured servants o Slavery is institutionalized from about 1640-1670 o Over 60% of the population of South Carolina were slaves at one point - Diversity in religion Technically in England everyone should belong to the state church Separatists (Pilgrims) at Plymouth The Puritans want to purify the church o Start to come over in the 1630s Quakers Religious diversity sets the nation apart from the beginning Great awakening (1730s/1740s) o Massive religious revival o Shakes up the American religious hierarchy French who come are Calvinist Many religious sects from Germany Catholics Jewish From the beginning we are and predominantly Protestant nation - Enlightenment Emphasis on the idea that the physical universe is understandable o If one applies reason, and subjects everything to observation and experience, if you hear and feel and see and taste and touch the universe around you, you can come to understand it The physical universe, instead of being chaotic, has been set up by a higher being to operate in a strict set of laws of which humans are capable of discovering Locke begins to talk about mans relationship to one another o He hypothesizes that man originally lived in a free state of nature but as time unfolds men voluntarily came together in communities and they agreed to institute civil government o The most important of the natural laws were that no man should take away the life liberty of property of any other man which is enforced by civil government which itself is not to break these laws o Any government who doesnt protect life, liberty or property doesnt deserve to Individualism, notions of free will o Ideas of agency - Economics Great fertility to the land Economic specialization Accelerated accumulation of capital Inter-colonial trade South has become a staple crop producing part of the country...
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Lecture Notes for US History - HST 202 06/03/2007 15:03:00...

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