Unformatted text preview: The Sixties: trends Hipness Folk revival & folk-rock Music and politics The Times They Are A-Changin' Bob Dylan, 1964 For What It's Worth - Buffalo Springfield, 1967 Civil Rights Movement
Post-WWII: 1945: Gillem Board Report recommends integration of the Armed Forces; Truman signs Executive Order 9981 1946-1948: Implementation of EO 9981 stalls State militias resist EO, asserting "states rights" 1948-1950: Air Force and Navy comply w/ integration order; Army & Marines defy and then stall. Korean Conflict begins; faced with growing personnel needs, Army & Marine gradually capitulate 1954: full integration of the Armed Forces Brown vs. Bd of Education "all deliberate speed" Civil Rights Movement
Irene Morgan case (1946) segregated seating of interstate passengers unconstitutional leads to Journey of Reconciliation (1947) and Freedom Ride (1961) Sit-In, 1961 SDS: Port Huron Statement (1962) First, the permeating and victimizing fact of human degradation, symbolized by the Southern struggle against racial bigotry, compelled most of us from silence to activism. Second, the enclosing fact of the Cold War, symbolized by the presence of the Bomb, brought awareness that we ourselves, and our friends, and millions of abstract "others" we knew more directly because of our common peril, might die at any time. Freedom Summer/Free Speech Movement 1964: James Chaney (fr. Mississippi), Michael Schwerner, and Andrew Goodman (from Cornell) were abducted, tortured and killed by Klansmen in Mississippi. UC Berkeley students barred from establishing off-campus political action groups Free Speech Movement More Campus movements NYU, 1965 Kent State, 1970 Cornell, 1969 Folk revival Woody Guthrie: "this machine kills fascists" Bob Dylan
The Times They are A-Changin', 1964 Like a Rolling Stone, 1965 Folk-Rock Catch the Wind, 1965 Season of the Witch, 1966 Sound of Silence, 1964 Joni Mitchell The Byrds Mr Tambourine Man, 1965 Folk to Folk-Rock Folk as unspoiled, virtuous, oppressed Folk as state of mind, self-reflection Folk as youth, counter-cultural symbol ...
View Full Document
- Spring '08
- Folk music, Woody Guthrie, Hipness Folk revival, stalls State militias