Key Terms P4 - Humanism The term humanism refers to the heart of the Italian Renaissance This was a philosophy not a religion which was created by

Key Terms P4 - Humanism The term humanism refers to the...

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Humanism: The term humanism refers to the heart of the Italian Renaissance. This was a philosophy, not a religion, which was created by Petrarch. Those who followed this philosophy were called humanist and they believed education should stimulate creativity and emphasized the humanities, such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history. Today, they are the reason why we have rules regarding grammar in language arts. Humanists also studied the works of Greece and Rome to learn about their culture. Humanists scorned the dense and often convoluted writing style of the scholastic theologians, as they preferred the elegant and polished language of the classical Greek and Roman authors. Hey felt that these writers’ works were more engaging and persuasive than the weighty tomes of medieval philosophers and theologians. Printing Press: This term refers to a new way that the people of the 1450’s had discovered, that allowed them to be able to have access to a broad range of learning. The printing press revolution basically in other words, transformed Europe. An example of it works goes back to 1455, in which Johann Gutenberg printed the first completed edition of the Bible. This was very popular and effective as many other saw that printed books were far easier to produce and to read than hand-copied books. Therefore from a few thousand, the number of books in Europe rose exponentially between 15-20 million. By the 1500’s, information and knowledge was now cheaper, spread faster, and became more accessible than ever before. Later on throughout history, the printing press innovated and absorbed into other cultures as well. An example of this goes on into the Islamic empires, as the government authorities lifted the ban of printing books in Turkish and Arabic languages in 1729. For a good thirteen years, the Turkish press published many books regarding history, geography, and language before conservative Muslims forced an end to it in 1742. However, the Turkish press reopened in 1784 which then lead to the spread of the printing press throughout the Ottoman Empire. Yet, there was some aesthetic considerations that stood in the way of the printing press, as well as, there were some conservative religious concerns. Indulgences: Indulgences were a thing of the Catholic Church during the reformation. These were a writ of forgiveness for a Catholic and were only affordable by the rich. Their purpose was to help nobles approaching the wrong path in life to have a chance of going to heaven. However, these indulgences were limited as these were also designed to discourage them from committing crime. One of the benefits of the indulgences was that it lessened the time that one spent in purgatory. In some
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cases, indulgences were granted to those who performed good deeds. Yet, there were some advance thinker s who opposed against the indulgences.
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  • Winter '17
  • Mr McKraken
  • Ottoman Empire, Americas, Spanish Inquisition

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