Industrial Revolution, Nationalism, Romanticism

Industrial Revolution, Nationalism, Romanticism - History...

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History Final Nationalism in Europe after 1815 is defined by most historians as, “intense feelings of patriotism towards ones country or nation." One would imagine that some patriotism is good. Much like feelings of loyalty to a football team or college, it leads individuals to care for, cheer, and support the institution they have developed “love” or attachment for. In the 1800's such feelings of loyalty developed among the nations of Europe. Especially in France, these strong feelings developed as a decisive element in the French Republics victory over the First Coalition and lead to an explosive ability of the leaders to draw power from the people and their new dedication to the national state. Combined with a common language and common traditions, these became reinforced by the rule of the people and the rule by the people newly derived from the French revolution. These feelings then lead to an intense commitment to the defense of the common good, the nation, and their land. Like the example of the intense loyalty to a team, the French imagined themselves as a great family to be loved and protected by the masses. To be nationalistic was to be loyal to the cause of the nation and fiercely protective, in essence, a good patriot. (A History of World Societies, McKay, Hill Buckler, Ebrey and Beck. Pg.676) Unfortunately for the King of France, these feelings of national euphoria lead to his death by decapitation. In a sense these nationalistic feelings swelled into a moral movement defining good and evil in a secular ideology. Soon the nation’s army swelled and grew in prestige and size as many unmarried men felt the urge to fight for their homeland. Lead by largely young and radical generals, they soon defeated the
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enemies of the state with their new weapons and baronets. This great army soon brought unprecedented victories on all fronts. This created a new sense of superiority and mission. Defend the homeland, fight for the new democracy. Out of this also developed a new sense of pride and feelings of being right. It is needless to say that nationalism soon lead to a desire to expand the vision of the government and its leaders toward the possession of lands beyond their borders. Combined with a sense of righteousness in their cause it became convenient to convince and conquer other peoples to this great cause. Another common result was the desire to acquire goods and materials easily developed in other countries but in short supply at home. Men, like Napoleon, soon strengthened the power of the state and created a central government capable of sustaining battles, and wars of liberation and conquest. Offering opportunity to many disenchanted youths and amnesty to recent immigrants, he was able to consolidate power and enhance the reach and scope of France through its military. Eventually the French Revolution fed and aided the industrial revolution which
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2008 for the course HIST 1112 taught by Professor Unkown during the Fall '06 term at Georgia Perimeter.

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Industrial Revolution, Nationalism, Romanticism - History...

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