European Society and Culture ID

European Society and Culture ID - European Society and...

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European Society and Culture ID’s List 1) Progress- early 20 th century Europe, European influence on other countries and at the apex of power, Europe at the top of all fields: science and technology spurs invention and advancement, economical progress (83% of foreign investment), “Enlightenment” world for better and increased European self-confidence 2) Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa- direct control over and colonization of a foreign territory, (1880’s) Europe competes for unclaimed land in Africa, competition for expansion brings Germany into the quest for power. 3) European Civilization- belief that European civilization should be spread to recently claimed colonies, bringing civilization to the foreign man and notion of “White man’s burden,” strong belief about European superiority, ideas about material progress became more advanced and profound. 4) Proletariat- industrial working class developed in European cities in early 20 th century, poor city dwellers resulting from the industrial developments of the time 5) The Peculiarly Modern Nature of the Holocaust- the Holocaust wouldn’t have occurred without the scientific and technological advances of the time, quintessentially caused by modern events that seemed so beneficial and good 6) “God is Dead”- proposed by Frederick Nietzsche (1882) brought about the notion in Europe of an illusionary God-like savior that would order the world at a time when the nation felt a great loss of control, the idea that man himself must create life and re-establish order, rise of challenges to religion through science 7) Role of the Artist- the artist, musician, writer, poet, and philosophers in the early 20 th century were critical for the transition into modern changes, they were considered heroic leaders in the process of creative destruction during modernity 8) The Problem of Form- modernist movement of 20 th century, it was central to understanding the modernist project but it was not realistic in traditional sense, the forms were new: geometric, basic, and simples lines and colors, there was also an emphasis on function rather than artistic appearance and featured new modern materials, portrayal of an idea rather than copious image. 9) Superman- 20 th century ideal perception/aspiration of a man (blue-eyed, blonde hair), someone who could control his/her own destiny, something to aim for/to become, not guided by religion or philosophy, developed by Nietzsche, corresponds with Nazi Germanys pure Arian race ideology 10) New modes of representation- new 20 th century literary styles that differed from the past, poetry was more free verse, non chronological, became less traditional, more disconnected 11) High Modernism- stretched from 1910-1930 specifically refers to modernism after WW1 which was the most radical period/ climax of the movement. modernism is modes of representation of the modern world.
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2008 for the course EUS 201 taught by Professor Bess/werner during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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European Society and Culture ID - European Society and...

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