crim.PNG - ACADEMICISCHDLARLY DEFINITIONS...

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Unformatted text preview: ACADEMICISCHDLARLY DEFINITIONS _ Albini {19?1) "any criminal activity involving two or more individuals, specialized or nonspecialized, encompassing some form of social structure, with some form of leadership, utilizing certain modes of operation, in which the ultimate purpose of the organization is found in the enterprises of the particular group" Ianni(19?4) "I have defined organized crime as an integral part of the American social system that brings together a public that demands certain goods and services that are defined as illegal, an organization of individuals who produce or supply those goods and senices, and corrupt public officials who protect such individuals for their own profit or gain." Smith (HT-4} "Illicit enterprise is the extension of legitimate market activities into areas normally proscribed-—i-e., beyond existing limits of the law—-for the pursuit of profit and in response to latent illicit demand" Block [1933} "organized crime is both a social system and a social world. The system is composed of relationships binding professional criminals politicians, law enforcers, and various entrepreneurs." Liddick (2004) "the provision of illegal goods and services, various forms of theft: and fiaud, and the restraint of trade in both illicit and illicit market sectors, perpetuated by informal an changing networks of 'upper—world' and 'under—world' societal participants who are bound together in complex webs of patron—client ...
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