Running head: FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELPOMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE1Foundations of the Development and Functions of Police Kanisha T. SealsStrayer UniversityProfessor Stephanie GibsonCRJ 310February 4, 2017
FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE 2The Political EraTo understand present day policing in America. It is important to understand the history by looking back at past eras. The police departments every day practices are largely swayed by long standing traditions. It is also important to understand how the police officers start and finish their careers. The police and the community have to have a certain kind of relationship in order for the officers to be able to protect and serve the community. This paper will discuss two influential eras, political and reform, that helped mold modern day policing.The political era (circa 1840s to 1930s) the movement to improve policing finally began in American. It first occurred in New York City in 1836, when the mayor created a new police organization to handle civil disorder. The mayors’ request was denied until a highly publicized murder trial but pressure on the police department to solve the crime. The police still refused to solve the crime until a substantial reward was offered. This specific incident led to the political era of policing[Pea152]. The American version of policing was very different from the Europeanversion in that the American version was placed under the control of city government and politicians. The American plan also called for each ward in the city to be a different district, unlike the European version that separated districts according to criminal activity. The process for selecting officers was different the mayor chose recruits from a list of names submitted by thetax assessors and alderman of each ward. The mayor would then submit the names for approval. This practice resulted in most of the power going to the ward alderman, who were often times not very interested in selecting the right people for the job, but they wanted to have the political patronage[Pea15]. The problems within this era arose because of corrupt political regimes that used their police force to hassle, frighten and even commit crimes against political adversaries, immigrants that were new to American who would not cooperate with the political order or other
FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONS OF POLICE 3unpopular elements of society. Misunderstanding and lack of culpability except from the politicalregime appointing the police led to poor organization, widespread corruption and utter chaos in dealing with crime. The chumminess within the community led to bribery to overlook or diminish enforcement of laws for those paying tribute, those favored by police and discrimination against new groups of immigrants or competing economic or political interests entering into their communities[The13].
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 9 pages?
- Summer '14
- officers, Community Policing and Traditional Policing