139 Police & Change In-Class Notes-4

139 Police & Change In-Class Notes-4 - Chapter 1 In...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 In Class Notes 03/04/2008 21:20:00 Who were the very first police officers on the planet? 2000 BC Cave dwellers o Why? -- the cave dwellers would ban together with their tribes for mutual protection. Philosophy back then was retaliation Any difference between cavemen and gangs today? No First criminal record was branding -- Took the person who committed a crime convict him and then brand him. In Cuba they had dots and such under their bottom lip Some believe the first written law was done by Hammurabi 2300 BC Lex Taliones Philosophy Eye for an eye (retribution) Tithing system in England 10% goes to church every 10 families would ban together would be responsible for local law and order. Also in England there was Hue & Cry same as stop thief! and rest come running and stop the guy. o The hue & cry was the very first citizens arrest also called general alarm Citizens arrest right to make an arrest when a person sees a crime. Police can make an arrest when they believe a crime has occurred in their presence. Richard Ramirez Night stalker. He would go into different house and would rape and kill women. If there was man in bed he would shoot the man in bad and rape the women in front of his children. o What caused his arrest was a citizens arrest people recognized him from a picture. Frank pledge system pledge loyalty to the kings law Then jury system was created Then Magna Carta foundation for requiring rulers to uphold law; forbade taxation. Then the watch and ward was created 24 hr. watch around the city Henry Fielding chief magistrate (1741) developed the very first detective unit. o Created bow street runners detective unit in London Sir Robert Peel developed metropolitan police act Developed this in 1829 that we still use today o Must have probationary system o Want people who are crime not brutal o We should keep track of crimes Etc. PG 11 Women entered law enforcement in 1883 to watch convicts then role was expanded Boston was the first to have a night watch in 1631 In 1844 NYPD established the very first modern round the clock paid police modeled after England In 1853 the city council established first officers in the city of LA 100 volunteers on horse back called the LA rangers Evolution of city police discuss call boxes company called Gamewell and each box will have a separate...
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139 Police & Change In-Class Notes-4 - Chapter 1 In...

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