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PROHIBITION   THE VOLSTEAD ACT  THE 18 TH  AMENDMENT PROHIBITION was a lesson in how government can create crime. THE VOLSTEAD ACT What was it? Andrew Volstead, a leading Republican member of the House of Representatives, was the  author of the National Prohibition Act (also known as the Volstead Act) that was passed by  Congress in 1919. The law prohibited the manufacture, transportation and sale of beverages  containing more than 0.5 per cent alcohol.  18 th  AMENDMENT  TO THE CONSTITUTION January 16, 1919, ratified by 36 th  state, Nebraska. Became effective January 16, 1920. Local law enforcement was unenthusiastic. Provided for federal enforcement:  the Prohibition Bureau was established as an arm of  the Treasury. HIRING AGENTS A condition of achieving passage in Congress was the inclusion of a patronage  provision. That provision exempted 18,000 jobs from Civil Service restrictions. highwaymen got appointed as Prohibition agents.”  MARKET REALITY
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Goods desired by the public, if illegal, will likely be provided by entrepreneurs willing to  take the greater risk in order to reap the greater reward occasioned by the criminality, if  that which is made illegal is also desired by much of the populace.  A CLASS ACT? village America v. urban America Republicans v. Democrats Protestants v. Catholics nativists v. immigrants OPPORTUNITY! arena in which the participating gangsters would get rich & powerful & the non- participants would get left behind. Because … Organized Crime is interdependent with legitimate society. BEFORE PROHIBITION BEFORE PROHIBITION Organized crime was closely  associated with shabby local  AFTER THE ONSET OF PROHIBITION Organized crime blossomed into an important  criminal force in American society.
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2008 for the course CRM LAW SC 131 taught by Professor Bickford during the Spring '08 term at UC Irvine.

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