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Unformatted text preview: SEEDS OF ORGANIZED CRIME IN NEW YORK 0. TAMMANY HALL 1. MODERNIZATION TAMMANY HALL BEGINNINGS 2. Tammany began in 1789 as a fraternal & patriotic society; it quickly became a political organization. 3. In post-revolutionary New York, only landowners could vote. 4. Tammany devised "collective property" method of enfranchising many people. TAMMANY HALL PATRONAGE SYSTEM 1800s: bond between criminals & politicians. 0. District leaders & precinct captains. 1. Dispense social service favors & jobs. 2. Require 6% kickback from city employees. 3. Extort funds from vice entrepreneurs. TAMMANY HALL IRISH TAKEOVER 1840s-1850s: Irish immigrants 5. Soon dominated Tammany Hall. 6. Dominated NY police force. 4. Corrupt 5. Brutal to the poor & helpless 6. Protected the wealthy from the radical elements TAMMANY GANGS mid-1800s WWI: 7. Shirt Tails 8. Dead Rabbits 9. Plug Uglies 10. Bowery Boys 11. Hudson Dusters 12. Cherry Hill Gang 13. Gophers 14. Five Points 15. Whyos TAMMANY GANGS & POLITICS 16. On election day, Tammany used the gangs as "repeaters" & "sluggers". 17. Between elections the politicians kept gang members in funds, & found jobs for them in the off-season. 18. Served as thugs for brothels & gambling houses run by Tammany. BOSS TWEED NYC "TWEED" COURTHOUSE 1871 CONSTRUCTION NYC "TWEED"COURTHOUSE 2002 RESTORATION The FIVE POINTS GANG 19. Seedbed of the notorious 20th century organized crime figures. 20. 1200 members 21. Led by Paul Kelly (born Paolo Vaccarelli). 22. Al Capone & Lucky Luciano were members. 23. Feud over "turf": Kelly's Italian 5 Pts. gang vs. Eastman's Jewish gang. 24. Political patrons made them stop the bloodshed. The Old Brewery, from The Old Brewery and the New Mission House at the Five Points, by Ladies of the Mission TAMMANY HALL in the early 1900s Big Tim Sullivan, a state senator from the Tammany area, ran gambling and house prostitution in Manhattan and provided money to Tammany; in return, Tammany protected Sullivan's businesses. MODERNIZATION: Russian-Jewish immigration 25. At the turn of the 20th century, the Irish still dominated Tammany Hall, the dominant political organization. 26. They began organizing gamblers & brothels, & became involved in the emerging area of labor-management conflict. 27. Gangsters were hired by both management & labor to beat up the other side. Chart showing the connectedness of New York City organized crime leaders from 1851 to contemporary times. SEEDS OF ORGANIZED CRIME IN AMERICA 28. MODERNIZATION Arnold Rothstein: "Godfather" Of Prohibition? Rothstein transformed criminal activity from a haphazard endeavor, to an enterprise indicative of Cressey's model of a bureaucratic/corporate structure. Arnold Rothstein: Business Acumen 29. Administrative hierarchy. 30. Organizational procedure. 31. Specialized expertise. 32. Competence, not ethnic pedigree, determined rank & position. 33. Office in the business district. 34. Invested illicit gain into licit businesses. Arnold Rothstein: The Brain 35. "Bookmaker's bookmaker". 36. Handled "layoff" bets from other bookmakers. 37. Contracted a crew of thugs for unions. 38. Bail-bond business. 39. Insurance. 40. Real estate. Arnold Rothstein: Power. 41. In 1919 his floating dice game was raided. He could not believe his business could be raided, it might be a ruse. He fired, wounding several policemen. 42. The case against him was weak, but an honest police officer pursued it. The grand jury indicted the police officer for perjury. Arnold Rothstein: prohibition and more 43. He organized the importation of liquor from England & Canada. 44. He smuggled diamonds & drugs on his whiskey ships. 45. He established an international drug-smuggling network. 46. His buyers shipped drugs from overseas into US, where they were distributed to Johnny Torrio & Al Capone in Chicago & other gangsters in other cities. Arnold Rothstein: Mentor 0. Meyer Lansky 1. Charlie "Lucky" Luciano 2. Others People Broker Rothstein was tied to both the Italian & non-Italian New York politicalcrime factions. He did favors for & business with both. Foley Square Courthouse, erected over part of the old Five Points neighborhood by the U.S. General Services Administration 13 Pell St., Hip Sing Tong is still there. Doyers Street at the turn of the 19th-20th century Doyers Street today ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2008 for the course CRM LAW SC 131 taught by Professor Bickford during the Summer '08 term at UC Irvine.
- Summer '08