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History quiz#2 - Horace Mann(May 4 1796 August 2 1859 was an American education reformer and abolitionist in addition to Republican member of the

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(May 4 , 1796 – August 2 , 1859 ) was an American education reformer and abolitionist , in addition to Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. For fourteen years first in Massachusetts and after 1833 at Boston he devoted himself, with great success to his profession. When he was appointed head of the Massachusetts board of education he began his work which placed him at the foremost ranks of American Educationists. Mann’s reforms included the establishment of a single school system throughout the state. Mann was responsible for public school systems in 1827 Massachusetts. Prior to Mann, schooling was private and only available to the wealthy. After much work, he finally gets it passed that tax dollars pay for schooling. He was also the founder and editor of The Common School Journal (1838). The effect that Horace Mann’s reforms had on society was tremendous. He stirred a revolution in the common school system of Massachusetts which in turn influenced the educational direction of other states. In addition, mothers, as “good domestic women” wanted their children to get a proper education. Mann is remembered fondly as “the father of American public education”. "Lowell Mill Girls" was the name used for female textile workers in Lowell, Massachusetts in the 19th century. The Lowell textile mills employed a workforce which was about three quarters female; this characteristic caused two social effects: o a close examination of the women's moral behavior, o and a form of labor agitation. The Lowell female textile workers wrote and published several literary magazines, including the Lowell Offering , which featured essays, poetry and fiction written by female textile workers. They also actively participated in early labor reform through petitions, formation of labor organizations, essay and article contributions, and protesting through "turn-outs" or strikes. In October 1840, the Reverend Thomas of the First Universalist Church organized a monthly publication by and for the Lowell girls. As the magazine grew in popularity, women contributed poems, ballads, essays and fiction – often using their characters to report on conditions and situations in their lives. Robert Gould Shaw (October 10 , 1837 – July 18 , 1863 ) o was the colonel in command of the all-black 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , which entered the American Civil War in 1863. o
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2008 for the course HIST 1000 taught by Professor Desjardins during the Fall '08 term at CUNY Baruch.

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History quiz#2 - Horace Mann(May 4 1796 August 2 1859 was an American education reformer and abolitionist in addition to Republican member of the

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