BBH 432 - NOTES FOR QUIZ 1 - BBH 432 NOTES FOR QUIZ 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
BBH 432 – NOTES FOR QUIZ 1 I. Introduction a. What is it we think of as “stress”? i. Anxiety, panic, loss of control, external events (disruption of internal function), overload, preoccupation, decrease in homeostasis ii. Stress used to be a term used for physical external strain on a building b. Response: the reaction of an organism to some event or stimulus c. Change: a shift from then normal range of function d. Process: the ways in which the organism responds to an event or stimulus II. Definition a. “Stress is a process in which environmental or psychological events called stressors come to threaten an organism’s safety or well-being” – Baum, Grunberg & Singer, 1982 i. Stressors are a stimuli – they can be external or psychological ii. “safety or well being” does not mean it has to be life threatening, can be more annoying – ex: traffic, pet peeves b. Stressor: the event or stimulus that affects an organism and causes a shift from the normal range of functioning (homeostasis) c. Types of Stressors: i. Physical stressors: anything that disturbs the body or tissue of an organism 1. Environmental temperature, accident/injury, heart attack/stroke, hormone levels, drugs/alcohol, infection, air pressure, extreme temperatures
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ii. Environmental stressors: events or stimuli from the surroundings that cause additional demands 1. Chemicals, transportation, school/work, environment, weather, background noise, traffic, crowding iii. Psychological stressors: anything that affects or disturbs cognitive and/or emotional functioning 1. Sharing a room, taking a test, wedding, new job iv. Even positive things that happen to us shift us out of our normal range of functioning and make addition demands on us, therefore they are stressors d. Timing of stressors: i. Acute: one time thing, you deal with it and it goes away 1. Someone scares you, alarm clock, surprises (good or bad) ii. Repeated acute: discrete events but happen again and again 1. Snooze button, telephone ringing, alarm going off every morning, cold/allergies, exams iii. Chronic: cause a stress response on an ongoing continual basis 1. High blood pressure, not having enough money, divorce, taking care of sick kids/elderly, high pressure intense job iv. Anticipated: doesn’t have to be happening at the moment 1. Birth of a baby, Christmas, anxiety disorder, upcoming surgeries, giving a speech, taking a test, marriage, graduation v. Remembered: remembering something that occurred 1. Posttraumatic stress disorder, loss of loved one, rape victims III. Background
Image of page 2
a. Hippocrates (Father of Medicine) i. Differentiated suffering due to illness or pathogen itself vs. suffering or demands caused by fighting illness in general b. Claude Bernard (Physiologist) i. Milieu interieur (internal milieu): 1. The internal environment of an organism needs to remain somewhat constant and fixed for it to survive.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern