soc. - Rosaria Barr Sociology Chapter 7 8 Chapter 7-Systems...

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Rosaria Barr Sociology Chapter 7 & 8 Chapter 7-Systems of Social Stratification 1)Slavery Social Stratification- is a system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative property, prestige, and power. -it affects our life chances -affects the way people think about you -it is important to emphasize that social stratification does not refer to individuals -every society stratifies its members -gender is a basis for stratisfying people a)Causes of Slavery -slavery was usually based not on racism but on one of three other factors. -the first cause is debt, the second crime, the third war. b)Conditions of Slavery -slavery was not necessarily inheritable -slaves owned no power, and had no power. c)Slavery in the New World Ideology-beliefs that justify social arrangements d)Slavery Today 2)Caste Caste System- status is determined by birth and is lifelong. -In sociological terms, a caste system is built on ascribed status. Endogamy-marriage within their own group, and prohibit intermarriage. a)India’s Religious Castes -India proveides the best esample of a caste system based not on race, but on religion. b)A U.S Racial Case System 3)Class Class System- is much more open, for it is based primarily on money or material possessions which can be acquired.
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-ascribed status -class system allows social mobility Social Mobility- is a class system that allows movement up or down the class ladder. 4)Global Stratification and the Status of Females -in every society of the world, men’s earnings are higher than womens. What Determines Social Class 1)Karl Marx:The Means of Production - Marx concluded that social class depends on a single factor:people’s relationship to the meants of production. Means of production-the tools, factories, land and investment capital used to produce wealth . -Marx also believed that there where only two social classes. Bourgeoisie(capitalist)- those who own means of production. Proletariat(Workers)- those who work for the owners. Lumpenproletariat- people living on the margin of society. -they were a middle group of self-employed professionals Class consciousness-a shared identity based on their position in the means or production. False Class Consciousness- workers mistakenly thinking of themselves as capitalists. 2)Max Weber:Property, Prestige, and Power Social class- is made up of three components:property. prestige, and power. -property(or wealth), believed Weber is certainly significant in determining a person’s standing in society. -control the means of production, although they do not own them. -prestige is often derived from property, for people then to admire the wealthy. -power is the ability to control others, even over their objections. Why is Social Stratification Universal?
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