American Politics

American Politics - I. What is politics? a. Economic...

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I. What is politics? a. Economic Systems i. Capitalism – market determines production, distribution, and prices 1. Regulated capitalism 2. Laissez-faire ii. Socialist economy (few nations) – state determines iii. Social democracy 1. Hybrid of capitalism and socialism b. Types of government i. Authoritarian system – holds all power 1. Monarchy 2. Theocracy 3. Fascist 4. Oligarchy 5. Totalitarian ii. Non-authoritarian system 1. Anarchy 2. Democracy a. Popular sovereignty – citizens are the source of political  power c. Theories of democracy
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i. Elite democracy – limits citizens who have the right to vote ii. Pluralist democracy – citizen membership in political groups iii. Participatory democracy – citizens actively and directly participate d. Origins of American democracy i. Athenian democracy ii. Middle Ages 1. Divine right of Kings iii. The Enlightenment – disproves divine right 1. Thomas Hobbes a. Social contract theory i. Voluntarily agree to be governed 2. John Lock – builds upon Hobbes a. Legitimate government requires the people’s consent. If  government breaks contract, then the people have the right  to form a new government. e. Citizenship in America i. James Madison – opposite of “republican virtue” 1. Fear of “Pure Democracy” – distrust of average American a. Believed that factions (groups that would only pursue self- interest) would form 2. Republic a. Government through representation 3. Modern citizenship uses elements from both II. American Citizens and Political Culture
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a. Where do we come from? i. American citizenships 1. Immigrants – citizens or subjects of one country who move to  another country to live or work 2. Naturalization – the legal process of acquiring citizenship for  someone who has not acquired it by birth ii. Nonimmigrants 1. Asylum – protection or sanctuary 2. Refugees – individuals who flee an area or country because of  persecution iii. U.S. Immigration Policy 1. Reasons for controlling immigration a. Loss of jobs b. Large consumption of social services and community  resources b. The Ideas that Unite us i. Political Culture – broad pattern of ideas, beliefs , and values about  citizens and government held by a population 1. Individualistic political culture – primary role of government is to  promote economic prosperity and protection against  exploitation; non-activist a. Northeastern and Western states 2. Monolistic – government role is to act in the best interest of the  general welfare; more activist welfare a. Midwestern states 3. Traditional – willing to accept political elites a. ii.
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2008 for the course PLSC 100 taught by Professor Klotz during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Geneseo.

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American Politics - I. What is politics? a. Economic...

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