WR Midterm Full Review

WR Midterm Full Review - Physical vs. Human World (cultural...

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Physical vs. Human World (cultural Traits) World Topics! What PHYSICAL factor most affects our lives? CLIMATE! What does climate affect? o Where people live; plants and animals (our food); business/industry; clothing; mental health; health; housing/energy costs; EVERYTHING What is climate? o Weather patterns o Temperature o Precipitation o Average weather=temperature and precipitation What factor most influences temperature and precipitation? o Latitude—how far north/south from equator Smaller # for latitude=warmer; poles=cold, equator=hot o Air masses/ocean currents—trying to stabilize o Continentality o Topography --Equator=solar interception=receives the most ray from the sun Solar interception on North Pole not direct rays **23.5 ° =earth’s tilt -Tropic of Capricorn 23.5 ° latitude When sun hits this directly=Winter Solstice=December 22 nd When sun hits equator again=Spring Equinox (equal light)=March 21 st -Tropic of Cancer 23.5 ° latitude June 21 st =Summer Solstice=longest day don’t see South Pole at all When sun hits equator again=Autumnal Equinox=September 21 st -Tropics—between Capricorn and Cancer, little seasonal change; near the equator -Polar—short, cool summers; long, frigid winters -Mid—latitude or temperate regions with seasons -Tropics sun rises and sets about same time all year; temperature never below 0 ° C, but lots of precipitation; ** all internal climate division based on seasonality and amount of precipitation 1. Rainforest—Brazil, Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Congo, Bolivia, India, Philippines, Africa, Central America a. Lots of different animals because no seasons b. Hot and rainy no cycle c. Breakfast foods—coffee, bananas, sugar, rubber, cocaine 2. Monsoon—India, Western coast, Vietnam, Burma, Thailand, Liberia, Venezuela a. Very defined wet season b. Dry cool air from land to sea, then change to warm moist air from water c. Temperature=80 ° d. Monsoons cause flooding, mudslides, rice, wind, disease 3. Savanna—Africa, Brazil, South America, Australia, Botswana, India, Mexico, Southern Asia a. 80 ° b. Very defined dry season c. LION KING climate and animals d. Little vegetation, open grasslands e. Transition zone between wet rainfall tropics and arid lands of tropical deserts f. Distinct seasons of rain g. Heavy rain in summer, dry up to ½ year -Most people and industrialized countries located in the Mid-Latitudes -Mid-Latitudes=very diverse seasonality and continentality Continentality o Water and land heat up and cool down at different rates o Liquid holds on to heat heats up and cools down slowly o Land—heats up fast, cools down fast o Moderates Differences in heating and cooling rates. Thus water is a MODERATING influence on temperature Large parcels of land also affects WATER AVAILABILITY for precipitation -Climatic Wildcard=desert/steppe Found all over Antarctica=biggest desert Under 10” of precipitation a year=desert
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2008 for the course GEOG 1014 taught by Professor Jdboyer during the Spring '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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WR Midterm Full Review - Physical vs. Human World (cultural...

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