1st THE - 1. RICO, which stands for Racketeer Influenced...

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1. RICO, which stands for Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations, was originally enacted to fight organized crime on the federal level but now is used on the state level also. A racketeering activity is any activity that involves murder, kidnapping, gambling, arson, robbery, bribery, extortion, dealing in obscene matter, or dealing a narcotic or other dangerous drugs, which is chargeable under State law and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year. The key of RICO is the freezing of assets in order to convict a racketeering organization. 2. There are two main ways crimes are measured in the criminal justice system. One way is the Uniform Crime Reports; this is derived by the FBI from information provided by local law enforcement. The Uniform Crime Report separates offences into two groups, Part I and Part II. Part I offences are eight different crimes, four against a person which are criminal homicide, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault and four against property which are burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. All of these eight crimes are called index crimes, and are considered more serious offences so they are reported more often but the Part II, which include all other crimes, is where there is a flaw in the Uniform Crime Reports. Due to the fact that these crimes are not reported very often the data on these crimes are incorrect. Also with some crimes if multiple crimes are committed at a time then they are reported as separate offences but other crimes they are reported as a single offence. The second way crime is measured is Victimization Surveys. These Victimization Surveys are administered to individuals about crime and their experiences with crime. The most well known survey administered is the National Crime and Victimization Survey put out by the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. This survey estimates the total number of offences committed by surveying a large national sample. The NCVS includes rape, robbery, assault, theft, burglary, and motor vehicle theft. The drawback to Victimization Surveys is that you cannot survey the entire population, just a large sample group. Thus the data can be thrown off if the sample group is not a good representation of the entire population. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course CLJ 111 taught by Professor Texidor,joseluis during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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1st THE - 1. RICO, which stands for Racketeer Influenced...

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