°David Harpp°Ariel Fenster°Joe Schwarcz °°The Omnivores Dilemma°°1. Play videos (Lectures)°2. Complete short assignments & quizzes°°°Assignments: 10%°Quizzes: 10%°Discussions: 5%°Midterm1: 25%°Midterm2: 25%°FINAL: 25%°°Wine lover: oenophile°Cheese lover: turophile°°Country with highest wine consumption/capita:Vatican (61.1%)**
France (45.6%)Italy (37.6%)Canada (11.7%)USA (10.5%)°°Wine: niacin, resveratrol (beneficial), alcohol (carcinogen)°°Food babe:Yoga mat: INGREDIENT (AZODICARBOMIDE) also in Subway’s bread°°Just because you cannot pronounce an ingredient, doesn’t mean it is dangerous°°No such thing as 100% chemical free food°°°°Beta-glucan (in Oat Bran)°°Mcgill.ca/OSS°Twitter: McGillOSS°°-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------°°Topic 1: Introduction
°Lesson 1 (A Sampling of Food Topics):Science is OBSERVATION AND CONCLUSIONQuadruple Bypass Burger: 9980 caloriesNatural does not = safe ; synthetic does not = dangerousFruit of the Tree of Knowledge: probably a pomegranate(not apple)Has anticancer properties: natural aromatase inhibitors芳香酶抑制剂假Breast cancer tissue multiplies less quickly if doused in pomegranate juice ; hard to conclude that it will have anticancer properties if ingestedAdvertisements cherry-pick dataDried apricots杏仁干: Beta-carotene B-胡萝卜素(antioxidant, used in the body to make Vitamin A)People of Shangri-La: live to old ages Cannot assume cause-and-effect that eating dried apricots cause long lifeLaetrile苦杏仁苷: extracted from apricot pitsbogus假的cancer treatmentPeer-Reviewed LiteratureFlax seeds: rich in omega-3 fatty acidsContains lignans 木酚素(phytoestrogen植物雌激素):beneficial estrogen-like behaviorEffect on breast cancer (but only seen in pre-menopause更年期提前, overweight women) reduces risk of breast cancer because it blocks receptors of estrogen雌性激素Soluble fibers:reduce cholesterol胆固醇Insoluble fibers:speeding substances through gut内脏; regulateslaxative effect泻药作用Eggs had high cholesterol sales plummet farmers notice fish sales increase adds omega-3 to eggs by feeding fish meal but that makes eggs taste fishy feeds flax seeds omega-3 in the egg is not as biologically effective as eating the flax seed straight.Beta-glucan B-葡聚糖(soluble fiber in Oat Bran燕麦麸)has hypocholesterolemia effect降低胆固醇作用Oat bran was used in animal feed until its beneficial properties were realizedRIGHT QUESTIONS:How much do you have to eat in order to experience beneficial impacts? How much of an impact could you receive?
Need 3g of beta-glucan / day to have an effect:1 cup of oat bran3 -5 muffins (but too much fat)1.5 cups of oatmeal5 servings of Cheerios (but too much sugar)Sliced white bread:Preservatives防腐剂combat early molding霉菌(naturally toxic substance): Calcium Propionate 丙酸钙 prevents growth of molds and fungi