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EdPsych+356_09_09.11_08_JPSD

EdPsych+356_09_09.11_08_JPSD - Dr Joanne P Smith-Darden...

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Dr. Joanne P. Smith-Darden Amanda Berhenke Cristina Mercado September 9 - 11, 2008
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Last week Historical Landmarks in American Education School History 1900-1950: The Main Ideas Early Pioneers in Educational Psychology Historical Struggles against biases How do we compare? Historical Trends in Educational Psychology Research
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What’s up today? Finish up the video: Video – “As American as Public School: 1900- 1950” Research/Recurring Dilemmas Basic Principles of Human Development Cognitive and Linguistic Development Theories of Development
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Educational Psychology Research should focus on: Data-based decision making : requires knowledge of a variety of assessment models and methods that enable them to develop skills in collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data for the purpose of making recommendations to improve the academic performance and/or social- emotional development of children and adolescents
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More on Ed Psych Research foci: Educational and psychological treatment outcomes : requires knowledge of and the ability to develop skills for a wide- range of treatments to promote academic performance and social- emotional behavior.
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More… Multicultural diversity : requires knowledge of identity development that facilitates the development of skills to work with a students and families from diverse groups, thereby engaging in culturally-competent practice.
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More… Program development and evaluation : requires knowledge and skills relating to a variety of interventions and research methodologies that enable us to develop, implement, and evaluate school-based programs designed for children and adolescents.
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And… Facilitation of organizational change : requires an understanding of the complexity of educational systems and how school psychologists can promote systemic changes to improve services for children and adolescents.
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Recurring Dilemmas in Educational Psychology Research: Basic vs Applied research Tension between research-practice Micro vs molar approaches Authenticity vs Complexity Validity Identifying causal factors Evidence vs Opinion Cumulative findings Experimental data
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  Research in Educational Psychology is Based on : Theories Testable hypotheses The scientific method, so researchers Conceptualize the problem Collect data Draw conclusions Revise research conclusions and theory
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Ormrod: 3 Types of Research Descriptive Correlational Experimental
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Descriptive Research in Educational Psychology: Survey methods Observations & ethnography Interviews and questionnaires Program evaluation Action research      All these methods provide rich details about  students and teachers in natural situations 
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Correlational Research: Calculates relations between variables as they occur naturally Positive correlation (greater than zero but less than or equal to 1) Negative correlation (less than zero but greater than or equal to –1) No correlation (equal to zero) Does not establish cause and effect
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