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Learning+Disorders - Learning Disorders Terms learning...

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Learning Disorders Learning Disorders Terms “learning disabilities” and “learning disorders” refer to specific developmental problems in reading, writing, math: Dyslexia Dysgraphia Dyscalculia >>>>>
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Diagnostic Criteria Diagnostic Criteria Achievement substantially below what is expected given person’s age, IQ, or education Significantly interferes with academic achievement or daily living activities IF a sensory deficit is present, deficiencies are in excess of those associated with the sensory deficit
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Dyslexia: Features Dyslexia: Features problems recognizing single words; • reading slowly or haltingly; limited vocabulary; limited reading comprehension How common? There is definitional inconsistency, but approx. 10-15 % of school- age children Boys > girls (selection bias?) Reading problems tend to persist into adolescence/adulthood, although improvement can occur
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Dyslexia: Features Dyslexia: Features Dyslexia is fundamentally related to language impairment Phonological processing plays a central role, especially in early development: understanding that letters correspond to sounds being able to “map” letters to sounds Broader language skill deficits also implicated
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Case example: Dyslexia Case example: Dyslexia Presenting symptoms in 8 year old girl Components and results of diagnostic assessment
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Dysgraphia Dysgraphia writing filled with spelling and grammatical errors; • disorganized content; impoverished content;
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