Learning+Disorders - Learning Disorders Learning Disorders...

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Unformatted text preview: Learning Disorders Learning Disorders Terms learning disabilities and learning disorders refer to specific developmental problems in reading, writing, math: Dyslexia Dysgraphia Dyscalculia >>>>> Diagnostic Criteria Diagnostic Criteria Achievement substantially below what is expected given persons age, IQ, or education Significantly interferes with academic achievement or daily living activities IF a sensory deficit is present, deficiencies are in excess of those associated with the sensory deficit Dyslexia: Features Dyslexia: Features problems recognizing single words; reading slowly or haltingly; limited vocabulary; limited reading comprehension How common? There is definitional inconsistency, but approx. 10-15 % of school- age children Boys > girls (selection bias?) Reading problems tend to persist into adolescence/adulthood, although improvement can occur Dyslexia: Features Dyslexia: Features Dyslexia is fundamentally related to language impairment Phonological processing plays a central role, especially in early development: understanding that letters correspond to sounds being able to map letters to sounds Broader language skill deficits also implicated Case example: Dyslexia Case example: Dyslexia Presenting symptoms in 8 year old girl Components and results of diagnostic assessment Dysgraphia Dysgraphia writing filled with spelling and grammatical errors; disorganized content; impoverished content;...
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2008 for the course PSYCH 477 taught by Professor Olson during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Learning+Disorders - Learning Disorders Learning Disorders...

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