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THE SOUTH I. SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH -both regions had a common history -former colonies of GB, shared language and religions -both interested in economic expansion and economic development -North not industrialized -Europe industrial capacity tremendous compared to North -North on the road to industrializing, most farmed and lived in rural areas -Believed in black inferiority -South stood out because it still had slavery II. SLAVERY SHAPES THE SOUTH a. POLITICS -until late 1840’s and 50’s slavery kept out of National Politics -Regionally issue of slavery discussed and in State Politics -In South slavery shaped politics in that s. politicians promised to defend the insititution of slavery Slavery and Liberty get intertwined b. VALUES -White Southerners intertwined liberty and slavery -All sections of country used to have slavery and no one had problem of talking about liberty and slaver ownership going on at the same time -The North changed the situation because started gradual emancipation, during revolution nothing contradictory about liberty and slavery -The consequence, any discussion of forcefully ending slavery would represent tampering with liberty Southerners went to great lengths to protect their honor -Slaver owners minority of the population -Not much police force, slave owners depended on their reputation to maintain control on their population Necessary be such to do what – if reputation challenged your authority would be challenged Agrarian – Big agricultural operations. Wealthy people almost always Slave owners -Most white southernes supported insititution of slavery although the majority did not own slaves c. SOCIAL CLASS -Most white southern supported institution of slavery even though the majority did not own slaves -Most large Planters self made men -Slavery was a symbol of status -Planters liked to go about thinking part of some aristocracy -Most planters started relatively humble beginnings and accumulated a bunch of wealth -For most part planters self-made men. Big businesses put together was some social
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