Question 1 A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is: Selected Answer: c. Acute glomerulonephritis Correct Answer: c. Acute glomerulonephritis Question 2 Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of: Selected Answer: c. Inadequate production of erythropoietin Correct Answer: c. Inadequate production of erythropoietin Question 3 When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the newborn? Selected Answer: a. Blood-borne infections Correct Answer: b. Infections caused by bacteria from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract Question 4 A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience? Selected Answer:
b. Hematuria Correct Answer: b. Hematuria Question 5 When the nurse discusses the glomerulus and Bowman capsule together, it is referred to as the renal: Selected Answer: a. Corpuscle Correct Answer: a. Corpuscle Question 6 When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use? Selected Answer: b. Macula densa Correct Answer: b. Macula densa Question 7 A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded: Selected Answer: d. IV Correct Answer: d. IV Question 8 While planning care for a patient who has acute pyelonephritis. A nurse recalls the most common condition associated with the development of acute pyelonephritis is:
Selected Answer: c. Urinary tract obstruction Correct Answer: c. Urinary tract obstruction Question 9 A 35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic. Which of the following common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor? Selected Answer: a. Hypokalemia Correct Answer: a. Hypokalemia Question 10 A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond? Selected Answer: a. Poststreptococcal infection Correct Answer: a. Poststreptococcal infection Question 11 A urologist is discussing the phagocytic cells that lie between the layers of the renal corpuscle. What is the urologist describing?
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- Fall '17
- Gertrude Heider
- Correct Answer, Chronic Renal Failure