Unformatted text preview: QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Stress
Response to environmental threats and challenges 1 QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 2 QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 3 Stress good or bad?
Stress can be adaptive in a fearful (stress causing) situation we can run away and save our lives. Stress can be maladaptive if it is prolonged (chronic stress) it increases the risk of illness and health problems. 4 General Adaptation Syndrome
According to Selye stress response to any kind of stimulation is similar. The stressed individual goes through three phases. EPA/ Yuri Kochetkov/ Landov and a TIFF QuickTime see this picture. (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to 5 Levels of Stress Post-Traumatic Stress Stressful Life Events Nagging Daily Stressors 6 Post- traumatic stress
Flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, or nightmares about the trauma Avoidance of places and things associated with the trauma Hypervigilance for signs of danger Chronic irritability and tension Depression.
7 Resilience to PTSD
Only about 10% of women and 20% of men react to traumatic situations and develop PTSD. Holocaust survivors have shown remarkable resilience against traumatic situations. All major religions of the world suggest surviving a trauma leads to growth of the individual.
8 Top Ten Stressful Life Events
1.Spouse's death 2.Divorce 3.Marriage separation 4.Jail term 5.Death of a close relative 6.Injury or illness 7.Marriage 8.Fired from job 9.Marriage reconciliation 10. Retirement
9 Nagging Concerns Procrastination Commuting Unresolved relationship issues 10 HealthRelated Consequences
Stress can have a variety of healthrelated consequences. Kathleen Finlay/ Masterfile QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 11 Stress and Colds
People with highest life stress scores were also most vulnerable when experimentally exposed to a cold virus. 12 Stress and Causes of Death
Prolonged stress together with unhealthy behaviors can increase our risk for today's four leading diseases. 13 Stress is not merely a stimulus or response, it is process by which we appraise and cope with environmental threats and challenges. Stress or Stressor? QuickTime- and a TIFF (Uncompressed) deco are needed to see this pic Bob Daemmrich/ The Image Works .
14 QuickTime-and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 15 Internal Causes of Stress
Uncertainty or worries Pessimistic attitude Self-criticism Unrealistic expectations or beliefs Perfectionism Low self-esteem Excessive or unexpressed anger Lack of assertiveness 16 Managing Stress
Meditation can reduce stress and improve health, while some common strategies increase stress. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 17 Strategies For Alleviating Stress Problemfocused coping Emotionfocused coping 18 Perceived Control
Internal vs External Locus of Control 19 Explanatory Style
Optimistic VS Pessimistic personalities Optimists cope better with stressful events, have better moods and have a stronger immune system. QuickTimeand a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 20 Pessimism and Heart Disease
Pessimistic adult men are twice as likely to develop heart disease over a 10 year period (Kubzansky et al., 2001). 21 Confiding in others helps us process stressful events
Benefits of psychotherapy Empathy of friends Journal writing 22 Aerobic Exercise
aerobic exercise can: 1. elevate mood 2. raise energy levels 3. increases blood flow to the brain 4. increase neuronal growth
23 Social Support
Married people live longer ,healthier lives Happily married people live longer than unhappily married
QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 24 Spirituality & Faith Communities
Regular religious attendance has been a reliable predictor of a longer life span with a reduced risk of dying. 25 Keys to managing stress Avoidance of chronic stress Balance between stress and rest Be aware of changing circumstances 26 ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2008 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.
- Spring '08