Outline_3 - Define socioeconomic status (SES). 3 How does...

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1 PSYC 250 - Jodl Lecture Outline #3: Biological & Environmental Foundations _________________________________________________ The foundations of human development are heredity and environment. I. Biological Foundations A. Genotype : B. Phenotype : II. The Genetic Code A. Chromosomes 1. Autosomes 2. Sex Chromosomes B. Chromosomes are made of DNA. What is DNA? Gene : What is mitosis ? C. Sex cells (i.e., gametes). What is meiosis ?
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2 III. Patterns of Genetic Inheritance Genes come in 2 forms called alleles. Homozygous : Heterozygous : A. Dominant-Recessive : B. X-Linked Inheritance : C. Genetic Imprinting : D. Polygenetic Inheritance : IV. Environmental Foundations A child’s environment consists of many influences including… A. The Family Bidirectional influences B.
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Unformatted text preview: Define socioeconomic status (SES). 3 How does SES impact the family and child development? Research Example: Hart & Risley (1995) C. The Impact of Socioeconomic Disadvantage Poverty weakens the family system by How does poverty affect children? Research Example: Ceballo & McLoyd (2002) D. Beyond the Family: Neighborhoods E. Small Towns & Big Cities 4 V. Understanding the Relation Between Heredity and Environment BOTH heredity and environment shape human development. A. Heritability Estimates: B. Range of Reaction : C. Genetic-Environment Correlation : Passive Correlation Evocative Correlation Active Correlation Niche-picking C. Environmental Influences on Gene Expression Epigenesis:...
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Outline_3 - Define socioeconomic status (SES). 3 How does...

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