Study Guide for Cognition & PerceptionTest #1Chapter 1: Introduction: History: Descartes influences - (1) thinking as the essence of humans (2) mind and body exist and interact What is materialism? (3) the body is a machine (4) innate and derived ideas. What is empiricism? Kant: the mind adds something to sensory information. Wilhelm Wundt: (founder of psychology) What is introspection? Functionalism: influences on Americans to develop it: (1) practicality (2) Darwinism (Aked: What is the function of consciousness? memory? etc.?); William James: wrote Principlesof Psychology(1890) highly influential, examined many topics about thinking still being studied; What is behaviorism? What did it say can be studied scientifically? What cannot? What are the 6 criticisms of introspection? How did World War II affect the development of Cognitive Psychology (CP)? What are the 2 components of the information-processing approach to CP? What is the mind-body problem? What is materialism? What is ecological validity? What is cognitive psychology? What is cognitive science? Which disciplines does it include? What is cognitive neuroscience? Know these methods in cognitive neuroscience:
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