Test 1 Review - BIOL 3350 -Test 1 Review (Summer 2007) 1....

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BIOL 3350 -Test 1 Review (Summer 2007) 1. Define Pathogenesis. The mechanism that includes the dynamic process that causes the disease and gives rise to the signs and symptoms and signifies the body’s attempt to overcome the disease. 2. Define Anatomy. The study of body structures and their relationships. 3. Define Physiology The science of how the body parts function. 4. Define Metabolism and its two categories. Metabolism is the complete set of chemical reactions that occurs in living cells. These processes are the basis of life allowing cells to grow, produce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. Catabolic reactions yield energy (ex. breaking down of foods of cellular respiration). Anabolic reactions use the energy to construct components of cells such as proteins and nucleic acids. 5. Principle of complementarity of structure and function. What the body can do depends on the unique architecture of its parts. 6. List the levels of Structural Organization in its increasing order. chemical, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism 7. Define Homeostasis. The ability of a living organism to adjust its internal environment to maintain a dynamic equilibrium. It maintains the constant temperature of the cells. 8. Define different feedback mechanisms. Negative: mechanisms reduce the original stimulus. It turns off the reaction. Positive: mechanisms intensify the initial stimulus leading to enhancement of the response. 9. Define Normal Micro flora . Bacteria that normally and harmlessly exist within the human body. 10. Define Opportunistic Pathogens. Any microorganism that produces infection when the health and immunity of the host is severely
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2008 for the course BIOL 3350 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Test 1 Review - BIOL 3350 -Test 1 Review (Summer 2007) 1....

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