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Noteset - 1 Creation of the universe solar sys tem planets...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Creation of the universe, solar sys- tem, planets and satellites 1.1 Creation mythologies 1.1.1 Pre-civilization, primitive peoples • What records do we have? While we have no written records, we do live with myriad cultural and religious traditions that derive from ancient mythical ex- planations of the origins of humanity, nature and the cosmos. 1 1.1.2 Civilized man • religious and cultural mythologies: – Sumerian mythology: The Epic of Gilgamesh 2 – the oldest known recorded story of man – Ancient Greece... no computation of a date – a spontaneous creation with the gods serially created from the Chaos – Genesis 1:1 “ In the beginning .... ”, Rosh Hashanah – the Jewish celebra- tion of creation 5768 years ago... Sura - 57:4 (Q’aran)– “He is the One who created the heavens and the earth in six days...” . The great monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity, Islam and their many offshoots essentially hold to a common myth: creation of all and its continuing “management” by a still-interested ompnipotent, omnscient god. – Archbishop Usher (17th Century English cleric) took the biblical story and record to be factual data and used it to calculate the year of creation to be 4004BCE. Cambridge secularist scientists derisively precised the date to 9:00AM, on October 26. – The Haida peoples – creation by the Raven trickster; the Plains Amerindi- ans – the coyote trickster – Shinto (Japan): Kunitokotatchi arises as a reed out of the ocean of chaos, the first of the gods, then Izanami and Izanagi. – Hindu: remarkably, calculate the length of a day and night of Brahma (one cycle of the Universe) to be 8 . 4 × 10 9 years 3 1 Ancient religions and myths: Metareligion 2 The Epic of Gilgamesh: http://www.ancienttexts.org/library/mesopotamian/gilgamesh/ 3 10 9 means 1 followed by 9 zeros or 1 billion 1 • philosophical mythologies – Neocreationism – Intelligent Design Hypothesis – A long time ago and according to a conscious design, the Universe was formed; the Universe is so remarkably “ tuned ” for life and existence that it must have been designed on purpose. • scientific mythologies(?) – Properly science doesn’t address the moment of creation but rather at- tempts to understand what has happened since. We retreat to the meta- physical edge of physics – a quantum fluctuation of the nothing 4 – in describing the “creation”. – Science assembles towards the Big Bang hypothesis (Georges LeMaˆ ıtre, 1894-1966) of the post-creation evolution and more .... – recently the Inflationary Big Bang – Alan Guth (MIT) and ... – its currently fashionable variation Concordance Model that allows for acceleration of expansion driven by a mystical Dark Energy ....
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Noteset - 1 Creation of the universe solar sys tem planets...

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